Invention of the Egyptian hieroglyphs ca. 3,000. Legendary king of Uruk, Gilgamesh builds the famous wall of Uruk ca. 2750. Emergence of Minoan Civilization on the island of Crete ca. 2700. Construction of the Pyramid of Djoser ca. 2611 BC and the Great Pyramid of Giza by Pharaoh Khufu (Cheops) ca. 2560 BC. Erection of Stonehenge about 2,500-2200 BC. Rise of Indus Valley Civilization ca. 2500 BC. Foundation of the Akkadian Empire by Sargon of Akkad ca. 2330 BC. Emergence of the Chinese Civilization under the legendary Xia Dynasty ca. 2100.
From history timeline