SEJARAH AMERIKA

AMERIKA SERIKAT 1844-1861
  • 9 Januari 2011

Pada pertengahan abad ke-19 bangsa Amerika sangat menjunjung tinggi nilai-nilai kebebasan individu dan equality dalam kesempatan politik dan ekonomi. Tumbuh dan berkeinbangnya nilai-nilai tersebut bersamaan dengan tumbuhnya keyakinan akan pentingnya pembebasan invividu dari batasan-batasan sosial politik. Sikap yang sama juga ditandai dengan upaya perluasan wilayah ke arah barat untuk kepentingan ekonomi. Lebih lanjut perkembangan ekonomi tersebut

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MILITER DAN POLITIK DI SELATAN AMERIKA LATIN
  • 20 Desember 2010

Amerika Selatan saat ini sudah bebas dari pemerintahan militer. Ditandai sebagai “Abad yang hilang,” tahun 80-an secara politis-konstitusional di kebanyakan negara di bagian benua itu ditandai dengan mundurnya angkatan bersenjata dari kursi pemerintahan. “Wind of Change” menerpa para diktator militer di negara-negara itu. Dimulai dengan Ekuador (pergantian rezim sudah terjadi pada 1979), Peru (1980), Bolivia (1982), Argentina (1983), Brazil

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Chile’s Independence Day
  • 8 November 2010

On September 18, 1810, Chile broke from Spanish rule, declaring their independence (although they still were theoretically loyal to King Ferdinand VII of Spain, then a captive of the French). This declaration eventually led to over a decade of violence and warring which did not end until the last royalist stronghold fell in 1826. September 18 is celebrated in Chile as Independence Day. Prelude to Independence: In 1810, Chile was a relatively small

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Venezuela’s Declaration of Independence:
  • 8 November 2010

The republic of Venezuela celebrates its independence from Spain on two different dates: April 19, when an initial declaration of semi-independence from Spain was signed in 1810, and July 5, when a more definitive break was signed in 1811. April 19 is known as “Firma Acta de la Independencia” or “Signing of the Act of Independence.” Napoleon Invades Spain: The first years of the nineteenth century were turbulent ones in Europe, particularly

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The May Revolution
  • 8 November 2010

In May of 1810, word reached Buenos Aires that the King of Spain, Ferdinand VII, had been deposed by Napoleon Bonaparte. Rather than serve the new King, Joseph Bonaparte (Napoleon’s brother), the city formed its own ruling council, essentially declaring itself independent until such a time as Ferdinand could reclaim the throne. Although initially an act of loyalty to the Spanish crown, the “May Revolution,” as it came to be known, was eventually

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AMERICAN CULTURE AND ISLAM
  • 24 Oktober 2010

by Ihsan Bagby The interface between American culture and Islamic culture in the American Muslim community is a multifaceted issue. Understanding this interface entails exploring the influence of American culture on the Muslim community and how American Muslims view American culture. Another aspect of this interface is the influence of Muslims and Islamic culture on American culture and the American public’s perception of Muslims and Islam. The

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