Modernization under King Birendra
  • 9 Mei 2011

When it became apparent that the panchayat system was going to endure, B.P. Koirala and other political exiles began to tone down their revolutionary rhetoric and advocate a reconciliation with the king. On December 30, 1976, Koirala and his close associate, Ganeshman Singh, flew to Kathmandu hoping to "make a fresh attempt." They were arrested for antinational activities and violence, and a tribunal was set up for a trial. After considerable agitation,

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Adaptation and Compromise with Hindu and Jain Traditions in the Regional Sultanates
  • 11 Maret 2011

Although some historians have attempted to make broad generalizations regarding India's experience with Islamic rulers, a closer inspection of the historical record reveals a fair measure of diversity in the practice of India's Islamic courts. Whereas the earliest examples of the Indian Sultanates (such as those based in Delhi) were invariably discriminatory towards Hindus and Muslims of pure Indian stock, some of the later Sultanates (mainly those

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SAH MKK230027: Upanishadic philosophy: preparing the ground for rationalism
  • 6 Maret 2011

Although the Upanishadic texts (like some of the earlier Vedic texts) are primarily concerned with acquiring knowledge of the "soul", "spirit" and "god" - there are aspects of Vedic and Upanishadic literature that also point to an intuitive understanding of nature and natural processes. In addition, many of the ideas are presented in a philosophical and exploratory manner - rather than as strict definitions of inviolable truth. Although the Upanishadic

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SAH MKK 230027: The Age of Science and Reason
  • 6 Maret 2011

But even amongst those Indian philosophers who accepted the separation of mind and body and argued for the existence of the soul, there was considerable dedication to the scientific method and to developing the principles of deductive and inductive logic. From 1000 B.C to the 4th C A.D (also described as India's rationalistic period) treatises in astronomy, mathematics, logic, medicine and linguistics were produced. The philosophers of the Sankhya

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SAH MKK 230027: Islam and the sub-continent – appraising its impact
  • 6 Maret 2011

Perhaps no aspect of India's history excites more passion and violent disagreement than the evaluation of Islam's role in the sub-continent. On the one hand, the most extreme advocates of the 2-nation theory see the arrival of Islam as overwhelmingly positive - defending every gory invader or brutal conqueror that reached Indian soil - there are others who see the arrival of Islam as an even more destructive event for the people of the sub-continent

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SAH MKK 230027: British Education in India
  • 6 Maret 2011

As has been noted by numerous scholars of British rule in India, the physical presence of the British in India was not significant. Yet, for almost two centuries, the British were able to rule two-thirds of the subcontinent directly, and exercise considerable leverage over the Princely States that accounted for the remaining one-third. While the strategy of divide and conquer was used most effectively, an important aspect of British rule in India

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